Trans Legislation Tracker

2022 anti-trans legislation

174 bills

33 states

26 passed

142 failed

AlaskaHawaiiAlabamaArkansasArizonaCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutFloridaGeorgiaIowaIdahoIllinoisIndianaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMassachusettsMarylandMaineMichiganMinnesotaMissouriMississippiMontanaNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaNebraskaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNevadaNew YorkOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVirginiaVermontWisconsinWest VirginiaWyomingDistrict of ColumbiaDelaware

Click on a state to see bills

What about Texas?

What happened with 2022 anti-trans legislation?

In 2022, anti-trans legislation totals set a national record for the third year in a row. The 174 bills escalated the attack on trans individuals' access to basic healthcare, education, legal recognition, and the right to publicly exist. 26 were signed into law.

Gender-affirming care bans

Gender-affirming care was also targeted, with Alabama passing the first bill to impose criminal penalties on providers of medically necessary and widely accepted gender-affirming care. Arizona also passed its own anti-trans healthcare bill. Louisiana commissioned their own study of the risks of "gender-altering" care.

Sports and "biological sex"

A central feature of the majority of bills in 2022 was to enshrine into state law the definition of "man" and "woman" as being synonymous with a "biological sex" assigned at birth.

For example, The Save Women's Sports Act that passed in Oklahoma and South Carolina requires public and private educational institutions to expressly designate sports into segregated categories "based on the biological sex assigned at birth." Further, Fairness in Women's Sports bills passed in South Dakota and Louisiana along with similar bills in Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Utah, and Tennessee. These laws block trans students from participating in sports, but they also enshrine a state's stance of biological essentialism into law and fundamentally reject the autonomy of trans people.

"Don't say gay": creating fear in schools

Anti-trans bills doubled down on schools in 2022. States like Alabama, Arizona, and Florida passed parental rights laws promoted by The Heritage Foundation. These bills came into the spotlight when critics reframed Florida's legislation as the "Don't say gay" bill. The vague language used in these bills, including phrases like “age-appropriate”, have had a stifling effect on teachers, students, and parents who worry that even the mention of their families and relationships puts them at risk of punishment.

Birth certificates and religious discrimination

While sports and healthcare garnered the most press attention in 2022, several other laws passed that impacted government recognition and non-discrimination protections. Arizona carved out religious exemptions for discrimination. Meanwhile, Oklahoma declared an emergency in order to prohibit non-binary birth certificates.

26 anti-trans bills passed in 2022

AL HB322
Passed

Public schools, restrooms or changing areas, required to be used based on individual's biological sex, kindergarden to fifth grade classroom instruction, limited regarding sexual orientation or gender identity, St. Board of Education to adopt rules

Passed

Public health, minors, biological male or female, sexual state, practices to alter or affirm minor's sexual identity or perception such as prescribing puberty blocking medication or surgeries, prohibited, exceptions, nurses and school personnel not to withhold information from parents, violations a Class C felony

Passed

Parental rights; schools; educational records

Passed

Irreversible gender reassignment surgery; minors

Passed

Interscholastic; intramural athletics; biological sex

Passed

Adoption; foster care; religious discrimination

Passed

Individual Freedom

Passed

Parental Rights in Education

Passed

Education; curricula or training programs which encourage certain concepts; prevent use of

Passed

A bill for an act relating to student eligibility requirements in school district, accredited nonpublic school, regent institution, community college, and certain other institution of higher education athletics based on sex, and including effective date provisions. (Formerly HF 2309.) Effective date: 03/03/2022.

Passed

Participation in school sports.

Passed

AN ACT relating to appropriations measures providing funding and establishing conditions for the operations, maintenance, support, and functioning of the government of the Commonwealth of Kentucky and its various officers, cabinets, departments, boards, commissions, institutions, subdivisions, agencies, and other state-supported activities.

Passed

AN ACT relating to athletics.

Passed

Requests a study of gender-altering procedures for minors and the risks associated with such procedures

Passed

Provides for the Fairness in Womens Sports Act relative to a school's ability to offer equal opportunities to each student to participate in team sporting events on an equal basis. (8/1/22) (EN SEE FISC NOTE GF EX See Note)

Passed

Vital records; limiting biological sex designation on certificate of birth to male or female; prohibiting nonbinary designation. Emergency.

Passed

Student athletics; creating the Save Women's Sports Act; requiring certain athletic teams to be designated based on biological sex. Emergency.

Passed

Schools; requiring restrooms or changing areas to be used by individuals based on their sex; requiring certain accommodation. Emergency.

Passed

Save Women's Sports Act

Passed

Protect fairness in women's sports.

Passed

AN ACT to amend Tennessee Code Annotated, Title 49, Chapter 6, relative to school sports.

Passed

AN ACT to amend Tennessee Code Annotated, Title 49, relative to participation in athletics.

Passed

AN ACT to amend Tennessee Code Annotated, Title 49, Chapter 6, relative to school sports.

Passed

AN ACT to amend Tennessee Code Annotated, Title 49, relative to participation in athletics.

Passed

Student Eligibility in Interscholastic Activities

Passed

Sex-designated Interscholastic Athletics Indemnification