Trans Legislation Tracker

2023 anti-trans bills tracker

In 2023, anti-trans bills continue to be introduced across the country. We track legislation that seeks to block trans people from receiving basic healthcare, education, legal recognition, and the right to publicly exist.

489 bills

47 states

23 passed

422 active

44 failed

National anti-trans legislation

US HB1064
Introduced

Ensuring Military Readiness Act of 2023

Introduced

Ensuring Military Readiness Act of 2023

Introduced

Protect Minors from Medical Malpractice Act of 2023

Introduced

To amend chapter 110 of title 18, United States Code, to prohibit gender affirming care on minors, and for other purposes.

Introduced

My Child, My Choice Act of 2023

Introduced

No Tax Breaks for Radical Corporate Activism Act

Introduced

Parents Bill of Rights Act

Introduced

Protection of Women and Girls in Sports Act of 2023

Introduced

PROTECT Kids Act Parental Rights Over The Education and Care of Their Kids Act

Introduced

Productivity Over Pronouns Act

Introduced

Establishing a Women's Bill of Rights to reaffirm legal protections afforded to women under Federal law.

Introduced

Adopting the Rules of the House of Representatives for the One Hundred Eighteenth Congress, and for other purposes.

Introduced

No Tax Breaks for Radical Corporate Activism Act of 2023

Introduced

PROTECT Kids Act Parental Rights Over The Education and Care of Their Kids Act

Introduced

Ensuring Military Readiness Act of 2023

Introduced

Protecting Our Kids from Child Abuse Act

Introduced

Protecting Minors from Medical Malpractice Act of 2023

Introduced

A resolution establishing a Women's Bill of Rights to reaffirm legal protections afforded to women under Federal law.

Legislative Events Today

Want to get involved? Here are the legislative events concerning bills that we are tracking across the country. Find audio and video live streams via NCSL.

See all events
Detailsdatebilltimetypelocationdescription
2023-03-28AZ HB231214:00HearingSHR 1Senate Health and Human Services
2023-03-28AZ SB104014:00HearingHHR 4House Education
2023-03-28FL H152114:00HearingN/AHouse Regulatory Reform & Economic Development Subcommittee Hearing
2023-03-28OH SB614:00HearingFinance Hearing RoomSenate Finance 5th Hearing, Proponent/Opponent/Interested Party

Read the bills

Explore a collection of anti-trans bills being considered across the U.S in 2023.

Wyoming SF0111

Child abuse charges for following the existing medical standards of

(d) A person is guilty of child abuse, a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more than ten (10) years, if a person intentionally inflicts upon a child under the age of eighteen (18) years any procedure, drug, other agent or combination thereof that is administered to intentionally or knowingly change the sex of the child. Consent of the child, the child's parents, guardian or any other person responsible for the child's welfare shall not be a defense to the crime defined by this subsection.
HealthcareChild abuse

Arizona SB1698

Hosting drag shows would redefine venues as "adult-oriented" businesses

"Drag performance" means a performance: (A) In which one (1) or more performers: (i) Exhibits a gender identity that is different from the performer's gender assigned at birth using clothing, makeup, or other accessories that are traditionally worn by members of and are meant to exaggerate the gender identity of the performer's opposite sex; and (ii) Sings, lip-synchs, dances, or otherwise performs before an audience of at least two (2) persons for entertainment, whether performed for payment or not; and (B) That is intended to appeal to the prurient interest
DragPublic life

OK SB129

Felony charges for providing gender-affirming care to people under 26 years

1. A physician or other healthcare professional found to have knowingly referred for or provided gender transition procedures to an individual under twenty-six (26) years of age shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a felony.
B. 1. Any referral for or provision of gender transition procedures to an individual under twenty-six (26) years of age is unprofessional conduct and shall [...] result in immediate revocation of the license or certificate of the physician or other healthcare professional.
Healthcare

Arizona HB1700

Banning books in schools that validate concepts of gender or pronouns

2. A parent who objects to a book that is available to students in the school [...] may request that the [...] institution remove the book [...] because the parent finds the book to be lewd or sexual in nature, to promote gender fluidity or gender pronouns or to groom children into normalizing pedophilia shall submit the book … to the department of education
EducationBook Ban

Arizona SB1001

Misgendering: guardians and teachers can override a student's pronouns

A. An employee [...] of a school district or charter school may not knowingly address, identify or refer to a student [...] by a pronoun that differs from the pronoun that aligns with the student's biological sex unless the school district or charter school receives written permission from the student's parent.
B. [Or] if doing so is contrary to the employee's or independent contractor's religious or moral convictions.
EducationPronouns

What anti-trans bills have passed in 2023?

We are tracking over two hundred bills in 2023, and a significant number of those will likely pass. Last year, 26 bills of the 174 bills ultimately proposed (15%) passed. Here are the bills that have passed so far in 2023.

Passed

Concerning A Public School District Or Open-enrollment Public Charter School Policy Relating To A Public School Student's Sex.

Passed

Concerning Medical Malpractice And Gender Transition In Minors; And To Create The Protecting Minors From Medical Malpractice Act Of 2023.

Passed

To Create The Learns Act; To Amend Various Provisions Of The Arkansas Code As They Relate To Early Childhood Through Grade Twelve Education In The State Of Arkansas; And To Declare An Emergency.

Passed

To Add Certain Restrictions To An Adult-oriented Performance; And To Define An Adult-oriented Performance.

Passed

Hospitals; the treatment of gender dysphoria in minors performed in hospitals and other licensed healthcare facilities; prohibit certain surgical procedures

Passed

A bill for an act prohibiting persons from entering single and multiple occupancy restrooms or changing areas and other facilities in elementary and secondary schools that do not correspond with the person's biological sex and including effective date provisions. (Formerly SF 335.) Effective date: 03/22/2023.

Passed

A bill for an act relating to prohibited activities regarding gender transition procedures relative to minors, and including effective date and applicability provisions. (Formerly SSB 1197.) Effective date: 03/22/2023. Contingent applicability date.

Passed - pending Governor signature

Amends existing law to provide that a public works contractor shall not be required to provide access to a multiple-occupancy restroom, multiple-occupancy shower facility, or multiple-occupancy changing room on any basis other than sex.

Passed

Adds to existing law to establish privacy and safety standards in public schools.

Passed

AN ACT relating to interscholastic athletics.

Passed

Regulate Experimental Adolescent Procedures (REAP) Act; create to regulate transgender procedures and surgeries.

Passed - pending Governor signature

Preferred pronoun discriminatory practices and school policies on expressed gender.

Passed

Prohibit certain medical and surgical interventions on minor patients.

Passed

AN ACT to amend Tennessee Code Annotated, Title 28; Title 29; Title 33; Title 34; Title 36; Title 37; Title 39; Title 40; Title 49; Title 56; Title 63; Title 68 and Title 71, relative to medical care of the young.

Passed

AN ACT to amend Tennessee Code Annotated, Title 7, Chapter 51, Part 14, relative to adult-oriented performances.

Passed

AN ACT to amend Tennessee Code Annotated, Title 28; Title 29; Title 33; Title 34; Title 36; Title 37; Title 39; Title 40; Title 49; Title 56; Title 63; Title 68 and Title 71, relative to medical care of the young.

Passed

AN ACT to amend Tennessee Code Annotated, Title 7, Chapter 51, Part 14, relative to adult-oriented performances.

Passed

Unprofessional Conduct Amendments

Passed

Transgender Medical Treatments and Procedures Amendments

Passed

Birth Certificate Modifications

Passed

School Gender Identity Policies

Passed - pending Governor signature

Prohibiting certain medical practices

Passed

Student eligibility in interscholastic sports.

What bills are you tracking?

We strive to present the most comprehensive and up-to-date data record of anti-trans legislation in the United States. Trans Legislation Tracker also maintains an expanding archive of historical data regarding U.S. anti-trans bills.

What is happening with anti-trans legislation in 2023?

2023 marks the fourth consecutive record-breaking year for anti-trans legislation in the U.S. In just one month, the U.S. doubled the number of anti-trans bills being considered across the country from the previous year. We've seen familiar themes: attacks on gender-affirming care, education, athletics, birth certificates, religious discrimination, and other categories documented in our 2022 anti-trans legislation overview.

However, in 2023 we've seen an escalation on healthcare, as states like Kansas, Oklahoma, and South Carolina introduce bans on gender-affirming care that extend into adulthood—up to 26 years old.

In educational settings, bills like AZ HB1700 encourage parents to report and ban books which "promote gender fluidity or gender pronouns." Others like AZ SB1001 require that both a guardian and teacher approve of a student's pronouns.

We've also seen the rise of "drag bans" targeting gender non-conforming performance. Bills like AZ SB1026 use broad definitions like dressing "in clothing and makeup opposite of the performer's [...] gender at birth" and using language like "drag show targeting minors" to insinuate harmful intent. And the definitions are often broad enough to include libraries hosting story hours, musicals, or even an acting troupe performing Shakespeare.

National anti-trans legislation also surfaced in 2023. The "Women's Bill of Rights" would erase trans recognition by the federal government, defining sex assigned at birth as an "immutable" definition of man or woman, boy or girl. The "My Child, My Choice Act" would impose educational restrictions nationally that are similar to those we're tracking in states across the country.

Learn about anti-trans legislation

Do you want to learn about the recent history of anti-trans legislation in the United States? We maintain an overview of anti-trans data that documents the steep rise in U.S. bills targeting trans kids and adults. You can also explore our complete record of 2022 anti-trans legislation.

Our further reading recommendations curate articles exploring the language and arguments employed in these transphobic bills, as well as the organizations promoting anti-trans legislation.

We produce our own features including "What about Texas?", which describes state-level efforts that go beyond the footprint of legislation, like Texas Governor Gregg Abbott's recent attack on widely accepted gender-affirming care.

Our data

Our independent research is supported through consultation with lists maintained by the ACLU, Human Rights Campaign, Freedom for all Americans, GLAAD, and other organizations. Our pages are updated using the Legiscan API.

Trans Legislation Tracker data has helped news organizations, researchers, and U.S. government officials bring awareness to this historic rise in anti-trans legislation.

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